EAERE Newsletter Autumn 2014
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Institutional Highlights

Presidential Correspondence arrow

Markandya Anil Markandya, EAERE President
Dear Members
I hope you all had an enjoyable and fruitful summer - it seems a long time ago does it not! Many of us met in Istanbul at the 5th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists. There were 1,147 participants, a similar number to previous years. The scientific programme has been well evaluated and there were a number of lively social events but we did have a number of complaints about the organization and the meals etc. There is not much we can do about this after the event but we can certainly try and learn from the experience and that is precisely what we are engaged in.


From the Editor arrow

Phoebe KondouriPhoebe Koundouri, EAERE Vice-President and Newsletter Editor


Dear EAERE Friends and Colleagues,

This issue is indeed exciting! It includes an inspiring interview by Partha Dasgupta on his lifetime and career, and a ‘have to read’ letter from Partha again, responding to Professor Greenstone’s paper on ‘Envirodevonomics: A Research Agenda for a Young Field’. Then comes Karin Nyborg with two intriguing snapshot interviews on Michael Hoel (2011 EAERE European Lifetime Achievement Award in Environmental Economics) and Bard Harstad (2013 Erik Kempe Award), while Ian Bateman reports on our official journal’s ever growing scientific strength and 2014 ERE publication awards!


Editorial Report from Environmental and Resource Economics (ERE), the official journal of EAERE arrow

ERE Ian Bateman
Ian Bateman, EAERE Editor-in-Chief
The past year has been another good one for the journal. As Figure 1 shows, our submission numbers reached a new high of more than 600 at the end of 2013 and look set to exceed even this level by the end of the present year. This strong and sustained growth rate has seen submissions more than triple over the past ten years, reflecting the growing international status of the journal which now receives papers from over 60 countries each year.
People also read our papers – at least they download them! – over 12,000 per month at the last count. This popularity is also reflected in a good showing for the journal Impact Factor (IF) as shown in Figure 2.


EAERE/2015, June 24-27, Helsinki: call for papers arrow

EAERE 2015

The 21st Annual Conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE) will take place in Helsinki, Finland, from June 24 to June 27, 2015. After Stockholm 1991, Umeå 1995, Oslo 1999, and Gothenburg 2008, the Helsinki conference is the 5th time the profession will convene in a city located in a Nordic Country.

EAERE2015 is hosted by the University of Helsinki. During the year 2015 the University of Helsinki celebrates its 375th anniversary, and the EAERE2015 conference is one of the main events of this jubilee year.


EAERE/2017: CALL FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST - Local Organising Committee and Conference Venue arrow

The European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE) solicits proposals for the Local Organising Committee and for the Conference Venue for its 23rd Annual Conference, to be held tentatively in late June 2017.

Universities, research organisations, or groups of organisations, that intend to propose their candidature for the Local Organising Committee and Venue are kindly requested to send their expressions of interest to EAERE by 15 December 2014.


Phoebe Koundouri introducing Sir Partha Dasgupta’s European Lifetime Achievement Award in Environmental Economics and a video interview on his life and works arrow

Phoebe Koundouri, EAERE Vice-President and Newsletter Editor
The European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE) awarded the European Lifetime Achievement Award in Environmental Economics to Sir Partha Dasgupta, in recognition of his lifetime contribution to the development of environmental and resource economics.

Partha was my Environmental Economics lecturer at Cambridge, Department of Economics. The strength of his intellect, the unbounded ability to communicate clearly challenging scientific concepts and his unique inspiring charm that travelled our minds towards cutting-edge investigations, have been exceptional and unreachable by any other Professor who stepped in our lecture rooms… the competition indeed fierce (!) but Partha would stand out, lecture after lecture, year after year! He is the reason many of us became environmental economists, but not only that: he is the reason many of us become academics!


Erik Kempe Award in Environmental and Resource Economics 2013: Interview to Bård Harstard arrow

Bård Harstad received the 2013 Erik Kempe Award in Environmental and Resource Economics (http://www.eaere.org/content/e
)  for his novel and insightful contribution to the study of international environmental policy in his paper “Buy Coal! A Case for Supply-Side Environmental Policy"*. At a theoretical level, he has presented mechanisms of relevance for a successful climate policy by exploring the role of a market for extraction rights. In light of the difficulties in forming climate coalitions in practice, and the problems that such coalitions typically face, the paper is also of clear practical policy relevance by pointing at a new approach for solving a very challenging social problem. As such, Harstad has contributed both to the academic literature and to policymaking by providing insights of clear practical relevance for the design of policies to combat the climate change problem.


Supported Events: The 3rd Conference on “Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Management in Developing and Transition Economies” arrow

Pascale Combes-MotelPascale Combes-Motel, Université d'Auvergne
The 3rd Conference on “Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Management in Developing and Transition Economies”, with a Pre-Conference on “Climate Mitigation Policies in Developing Countries” organised by the CERDI (Centre for Studies and Research on International Development – www.cerdi.org) from the University of Auvergne (UdA), took place from October 8 to 10, 2014 in Clermont-Ferrand (France).

The organisers, Johanna Choumert, Pascale Combes Motel and Sonia Schwartz, were happy to welcome about 100 participants. They attended the regular conference during which 56 papers were presented within 17 parallel sessions on various topics related to Development and the Environment. 2 keynote speeches were given by Bengt Kriström (Swedish U of Agricultural Sciences & CERE) on “Modern cost-benefit analysis of water projects” and by Rick van der Ploeg (U of Oxford & OxCarre) on “Political economy of natural resources in developing countries”.


EAERE-FEM-VIU European Summer School 2014, Climate Change Adaptation arrow


The 2014 EAERE-FEEM-VIU European Summer School in resource and environmental economics took place from July the 6th to July the 12th at the VIU campus, in Venice. The topic covered by the Summer School was The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change. The objective of the School was to provide tools and methods to understand how economists frame the problem of adaptation to climate change.
The Summer School was co-ordinated by Emanuele Massetti from FEEM (Italy) and Robert Mendelsohn from Yale University (USA). They organised a top level team of lecturers which was made up of Brian H. Hurd from New Mexico State University (USA), Brent Sohngen from Ohio State University (USA) and Richard S.J. Tol from University of Sussex (UK). The lectures started with an introduction to the theory of adaptation to climate change and then focused on specific sectors or impacts – tropical cyclones, agriculture, forestry and ecosystems, water. Two final lectures introduced the use of integrated assessment modeling tools to study optimal adaptation to climate change.


EAERE-FEM-VIU European Summer School 2015, Environmental Regulation arrow


The European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE), Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and Venice International University (VIU) are pleased to announce their annual European Summer School in Resource and Environmental Economics for postgraduate students.
The 2015 Summer School will take place from June 28th to July 4th, at the VIU campus on the Island of San Servolo, in Venice, located just in front of St. Mark’s Square. The theme of this Summer School is Environmental Regulation.


2014 General Assembly of Members - minutes to be approved arrow

The draft Minutes of the last EAERE General Assembly of Members held on July 1st, 2014 in Istanbul are available at



Soma WCERE/2014 Memorial Forest arrow

SOMA ForestOzgur Kayalica, WCERE/2014 Local Organising Committee Chair

It was 13th of May 2014, Turkey experienced the worst mine disaster in the history of the country. This incident was recorded as the work accident with the greatest number of casualties. In SOMA district of Manisa, a coalmine explosion occurred when there were 787 miners underground. As a result of the explosion, 301 miners died. Many miners were also significantly affected by heavy smoke and gas. Although it is indicated that the main reason of the disaster is the carbon monoxide gas leaking into the mine tunnels during the explosion, many believe that the main reason of such disasters is generally the negligence of the authorities. When environment and natural resources are seen as profit-making tools, human life and the measures to protect it can be overlooked as experienced in SOMA.


Pre-Conference Course: “Applied Methods Related to Regime Shifts in Social-Ecological Systems”arrow

Aart-de-ZeeuwAart de Zeeuw EAERE Former President (1998-1999)
Article taken from The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics Annual Report 2013/2014.

After the successful courses that were organized back-to-back with the World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists in Montreal in 2010 and with the European Meeting in Prague in 2012, another two-day course was organized by the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics in Istanbul, back-to-back with the World Congress, on 27-28 June 2014. The participants come from developing countries and the purpose is twofold. First, the course provides an overview of research in an area that is part of the research agenda of the Beijer Institute and seems to be relevant for future research in developing countries. Second, the participants have the opportunity to stay for the World Congress to present a paper or a poster, or just to learn about all recent developments in the field.


Keynote Lecture: The Myth of Painful Economic Choices arrow

Jan BoernerRobert H. Frank, Cornell University

I’d like to begin by thanking Mark Cohen, Timo Goeschi, and Erinc Yeldan for inviting me to speak to you today. My friend George Ainslie once remarked that the ultimate scarce resource in life is the willingess of others to pay attention to you, so I’m mindful of the luxury I enjoy today in having the opportunity to share my ideas with such a large and distinguished audience.

My title is an implicit reference to the economist’s maxim that there’s no free lunch. That’s true when we’re operating efficiently. But if we’re well inside the Pareto frontier, it’s possible to have more of everything. And today I’ll describe simple, unintrusive policy measures that could free up more than enough resources to solve even our most difficult environmental and economic problems—climate change, poverty, deferred infrastructure maintenance, etc.—all without requiring painful sacrifices from anyone.


Keynote Lecture: The Myth of Painful Economic Choices arrow

Anastasios XepapadeasAnastasios Xepapadeas, EAERE Former President 2006 - 2007

A well-known phenomenon in energy economics is the observation that there appear to be opportunities for large savings from investing in energy efficient equipment of various sorts, and yet these opportunities do not appear to be widely exploited. This behavior generates a puzzle since it seems to violate the central postulate of choice theory that individuals are utility maximizers. E. Somanathan tries to explain this puzzle by taking a very interesting approach based on evolution of learning rules where individuals can follow strategies of individual learning at a cost, or be social learners by imitating others.
Using a multiple decision framework in which the cost of learning is low for familiar problems and high for unfamiliar problems, Somanathan derives an evolutionary stable learning outcome where individuals either use individual learning when faced with a familiar problem and social learning otherwise, or always use social learning.


Keynote Lecture: Urban Growth and Climate Change:  The Adaptation Challenge, Matthew Kahn arrow

Valentina BosettiValentina Bosetti, EAERE Council Member
Matthew E. Kahn’s mesmerizing talk was funny, engaging and controversial. After setting aside (maybe too easily?) the issue of mitigation, Kahn presented his take on the issue of climate change adaptation with a specific focus on cities, the topic of his recent book, link here. Kahn lightly and amusingly primed his audience by claiming his “Chicago origins” and takes it from there to illustrate how markets will basically take care of climate change. The first set of arguments relate to his research on cities. Climate change will affect amenities and quality of life differently in different cities, he argues, this will then be reflected in the value of houses, and free migration of people will provide the optimal response to flooding and changes in temperatures. Kahn then moves to the implications for firms and business and claims that climate change will provide an opportunity for those innovators that will think seriously of adaptation technologies (with a notable example of technologies that help the spread of information, including disasters warning as well as responses strategies). The implications for the poorest are touched upon, by Kahn, but only tangentially. We are left mesmerized, intrigued but also disappointed. Why did we never think before that markets are the solution to the problem?

Valentina Bosetti
Bocconi University and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei


Challenges and Policies for a Low Carbon Future arrow

Isabella AllosioIsabella Alloisio, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, International Centre for Climate Governance, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

The Plenary Session on “Challenges and Policies for a Low Carbon Future”, chaired by Professor Carlo Carraro (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, FEEM), and held in the framework of the World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists on  June 29th, 2014 in Istanbul, stimulated a very lively debate around two main issues: 1) two opposite approaches for dealing with climate change (i.e., a top-down vs. a bottom-up approach); and 2)the effort to combine long-term goals with short-term benefits of climate change mitigation actions.

The round table started with the intervention by Laurence Tubiana, (Special Representative of the French Government for the Paris 2015 COP21), who pointed out that since the top-down approach adopted at Copenhagen (COP15) has so far proved ineffective, a new bottom-up approach is needed.


Thematic Session: Strategies in climate negotiations: theory and experiments arrow

Alessandro TavoniAlessandro Tavoni,  London School of Economics
Climate change is perhaps the greatest challenge for collective action ever. The free riding incentives in this quintessential prisoners’ dilemma are especially strong and haven’t been satisfactorily addressed yet. Climate negotiations involve mediation among participants faced with very different stakes, undoubtedly another important reason behind the lack of international progress in curbing CO2 emissions. Such stakes are subjective to a certain degree, and perceptions about countries’ relative standing is likely to influence negotiating parties’ stances.

In the thematic session titled ‘Strategies in climate negotiations: theory and experiments’, the focus was on the interplay between climate architectures and behavioural motives such as reciprocity, leadership, and framing.


Thematic Session: Integrating Economics into Landscape-Scale Models of Coupled Natural and Human Systems arrow

William JaegerWilliam Jaeger, Oregon State University
One “thematic sessions” at the 5th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists was “Integrating Economics into Landscape-Scale Models of Coupled Natural and Human Systems.” The aim was to present a set of papers that involves spatially-explicit integrated human-natural models of large regional landscapes. The projects differed in some respects such as type of model (simulation or optimization models), the geographic scope, the specific time frame and temporal resolution, and the extent of involvement by researchers from biophysical sciences or other social sciences.

The first paper was “Anticipating water scarcity under climate change in the U.S. Pacific Northwest using a landscape model of a coupled natural-human systems.” The model predicts how climate change, population growth, and land use change will alter the availability and use of water in Oregon, USA during the 21st century based on a model that integrates climate, hydrologic, economic, and ecological models in a GIS-based framework. Presenters were William Jaeger and Andrew Plantinga.


Thematic Session: Valuation Research on Ecosystem Services for Improved National Accounting arrow

Handbook on Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystems ServicesPaulo A.L.D. Nunes, WAVES, The World Bank
The recent adoption of the UN System for Environmental-Economic Accounts (also known as SEEA Central Framework) goes hand in hand with the wide acceptance of the need to put natural capital accounting into action. As a result, there is renewed momentum with ministries of finance who want to show the contribution of natural capital to national income. WAVES, Wealth Accounting and Valuation of the Ecosystem Services, is a global partnership that the World Bank leads and that aims at the mainstreaming of natural capital accounting. This includes the application of the SEEA Central Framework among the WAVES implementing countries, including Botswana, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Indonesia, Madagascar, Philippines, and Rwanda. This institutional-driven demand is also extended to ecosystem services accounting. There is, however, no agreed international methodological standard on how to measure and account for ecosystem services.


Thematic Session: Distributional Effects of Changes to Energy and Climate Policies arrow

Corbett GraingerCorbett Grainger, University of Wisconsin

When designing energy and climate policies, governments and policymakers must wrestle with difficult questions regarding tradeoffs between equity and efficiency. However, due to the complex and wide-reaching effects of energy and climate policies, the distributional impacts are often not well understood. To highlight these problems and to promote dialogue among researchers, I organized a Thematic Session at the World Congress in Istanbul. The session, titled “Distributional Effects of Changes to Energy and Climate Policies,” featured three papers on this theme. I presented a working paper coauthored with my colleague, Ian Coxhead, from University of Wisconsin – Madison. We develop an analytical general equilibrium model of a small, open economy, which we use analyze the distributional impacts of fossil fuel subsidies. Fossil fuel subsidies are a growing concern internationally; according to IEA, the global value of fossil fuel subsidies reached over $550 Billion in 2011.


Thematic Session: The Environmental Risks of the Shale Gas Revolution: Experts vs. the Public arrow

Alan KrupnikAlan Krupnik, AERE President
I very much wanted to have a session on the environmental economics of shale gas development because the technological revolution permitting the exploitation of this previously unavailable resource has, and will continue to have, a dramatic effect on lowering natural gas prices. In spite of these economic benefits, the public is growing increasingly concerned about the environmental risks these activities pose, both the states’ ability to regulate them properly and the effects of residual risks after regulation, thus putting into question the industry’s social license to operate. So, I wanted to showcase research on how significant these risks are. Two of the papers are about valuation of risks, one a hedonic estimation that examines the effect of public perception of groundwater risks on the housing market and another that provides estimates of risks to gauge willingness to pay in a stated preference framework.


Policy Session Environmental Tax Reforms: Progress or Stand-still? arrow

Herman Volleberg Aldo Ravazzi
Herman Volleberg, Tilburg School of Economics and Aldo Ravazzi, Italian Ministry of Environment

Environmental Tax Reform (ETR) is a topic closely related to the green growth strategy which is strongly supported by the G20 as well as international organisations such as European Union, United Nations, IMF, Worldbank and OECD. While the effects of the economic-financial crisis of 2008 are still not over, certainly not in Europe, green fiscal reforms offer efficient solutions for a) shifting the tax burden from labour and companies’ income to pollution and natural resources; b) raising fiscal revenue where fiscal consolidation is needed; c) correct market prices to eliminate market distortions and recognizing the value of ecosystems, depending on economic needs and political choice.


Policy Session: Moving Beyond GDP: Measuring Inclusive Green Growth arrow

Isabella Alloisio, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, International Centre for Climate Governance, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici
Moving Beyond GDP – Measuring inclusive green growth” was the theme of the Policy Session organized by the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) as part of the 5th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists (WCERE) held in Istanbul (Turkey) from June 28 to July 2, 2014. More than a thousand economists from around the world gathered to present and exchange the results of their research, aware of the fact that a good economy does not ignore natural capital but includes it to all effects in their development models. The pivotal message of this Policy Session was that growth cannot ignore the limits imposed by the environment and by exhaustible natural resources. And in order to take account of these limits it is necessary to set a price on natural capital in order to correct negative externalities that distort market behavior. Another important message raised was that the measurement of well-being and growth cannot follow the single index of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the well-being of a nation solely on the basis of increased production of goods and services, because sustainable development must also consider other parameters better suited to take into account environmental sustainability and social development.


Policy Session: Climate and Energy Policies in the Mediterranean Basin arrow

Isabella Alloisio, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, International Centre for Climate Governance, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

At the Policy Session on “Climate and Energy Policy in the Mediterranean Basin”, organized by ICCG, FEEM, and CCMC in Istanbul last June 29th, in the framework of the World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, Prof. Jeffrey D. Sachs pointed out that the Mediterranean region is one of the geographical areas most vulnerable to climate change, and that indeed climate change is already under way there. Among its most dangerous climate change impacts is the drying of the Mediterranean sea region, which will gravely jeopardize not only the entire ecosystem but also human dynamics. Some of the most important risks are: more frequent and intense droughts;, more extreme storms and flooding; reduction of river flow (e.g. Nile, Tigris, Euphrates), with subsequent loss of hydroelectric power and drinking water; worsening of water quality, especially in dry seasons; and loss and changes in agriculture productivity, with serious consequences on food security. Another important consequence of climate change on the Mediterranean region is the growth of the potential for armed conflicts. All the previously mentioned impacts are very likely to create pressure concerning the appropriation of limited water and food resources, the worsening of human health conditions, and to provoke - although this has yet to be verified - unrestrainable migrations from countries characterized by more serious drought and storm conditions towards countries less affected by such events or better able to adapt to them.


Best Poster Award at WCERE / 2014 arrow

Carmen ArguedasCarmen Arguedas, Autonomous University of Madrid
In this edition, the nominating committee for the Best Poster Award was comprised of Carmen Arguedas (chair, Autonomous University of Madrid), Selim Çagatay (Akdeniz University) and Markku Ollikainen (University of Helsinki).
A total number of 94 posters were eligible for the first and runner-up prizes. Posters were shown up in the poster area and organized in thematic slots. Authors also had the opportunity to orally defend their poster and main results at coffee and lunch breaks.
The nominating committee worked very hard in reaching a decision, and considered two equally important selection criteria: research substance and presentation.


AERE Awards at WCERE/2014 arrow

Marilyn VoigtMarilyn Voigt, AERE Executive Director
One of the highlights of the WCERE was the announcement of AERE 2013 Awards by AERE president, Alan J. Krupnick.

AERE 2013 Fellows are Joseph A. Herriges (Iowa State University) and Jason Shogren (University of Wyoming). The AERE Fellows program was instituted to recognize outstanding contributions to the advancement of the profession of environmental and resource economics.

The Publication of Enduring Quality award went to Lans Bovenberg, Ruud de Mooij, and Larry Goulder for “Environmental Levies and Distortionary Taxation” (Bovenberg and De Mooij) American Economic Review, Volume 84, Issue 4, 1994, and “Optimal Environmental Taxation in the Presence of Other Taxes: General Equilibrium Analyses,” (Bovenberg and Goulder) American Economic Review, Volume 86, Issue 4, 1996.

Research Highlights

Reflection on the paper: "Envirodevonomics: A Research Agenda for a Young Field" arrow

Partha DasguptaPartha Dasgupta, EAERE Former President 2010-2011

Dear Professor Greenstone,

I am taking the liberty of writing to you about your September 2013 working paper with Jack, "Envirodevonomics: A Research Agenda for a Young Field", which I read recently.

It is a technically engaging piece, but I am sorry to say it reflects very accurately the sad state of scholarship among prominent US-based economists and the dominant journals there.


Environmental economics: which word to emphasize? Two snapshot interviews arrow

Karine Nyborg Karine Nyborg, EAERE Past-President

Being affiliated with the Economics Department of the University of Oslo, I am in the fortunate position of having several extremely talented and productive colleagues contributing regularly to the research frontier of environmental and resource economics. Two of these individuals are Michael Hoel and Bård Harstad. Michael received the EAERE European Lifetime Achievement Award in Environmental Economics in 2011 and the Erik Kempe Award in 2000; Bård won the Erik Kempe Award in 2013.

Many universities organize their environmental and resource economics teaching and research in interdisciplinary research centers or in agricultural economics departments.

Policy-Related news fron European Commission

EU agrees framework for climate & energy policies for 2030 arrow

Ger KlaassenGer Klaassen, European Commission DG Climate Action
On 23 October 2014 the EU Council agreed a domestic 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target of at least 40% compared to 1990 together with other main elements of the 2030 policy framework for climate and energy. The framework also sets a target of at least 27% for renewable energy and energy savings by 2030.The EU made good progress towards meeting its climate and energy targets for 2020. An integrated policy framework for the period up to 2030 is however needed to ensure regulatory certainty for investors and a coordinated approach among Member States. The 2030 framework is to drive continued progress towards a low-carbon economy. It aims building a competitive and secure energy system that ensures affordable energy, increases the security of the EU's energy supplies, reduces dependence on energy imports and creates new opportunities for growth and jobs. A core piece is the binding target to reduce EU domestic greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% below the 1990 level by 2030.This target ensures that the EU is on a cost-effective track towards meeting its objective of cutting emissions by at least 80% by 2050. By setting its level of climate ambition for 2030, the EU will be able to engage actively in the international climate negotiations.


The new EU climate and energy proposal: what are the consequences for the economy and energy markets? arrow

Carlo CarraroCarlo Carraro, University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, International Centre for Climate Governance, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici
This article is taken from Prof. Carraro's blog www.carlocarraro.org/en/ 11/02/2014

A week ago, the European Council approved the European strategic framework for climate and energy up to 2030 (2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework). The document has particular relevance in the current context of the double crisis of both economic and energy markets. The current situation in Europe is rather peculiar. Over the past two to three years we observed a paradoxical evolution of the European energy mix. On the one hand, Europe has set important targets for reducing its greenhouse gas emissions and promoting green energy. These ambitions were realized in the 20-20-20 targets, and are reinforced by the new proposal. On the other hand, however, energy has become, paradoxically, a bit less green. This is particularly the case in countries like the UK and Germany where natural gas has been replaced by coal, leading to an increase in emissions. The low price of coal and, more recently, the low price of oil, have displaced the use of gas that, together with renewables, is the energy source that Europe has to rely on for a smooth transition to a low-carbon society. Nonetheless, total emissions in Europe have been declining, but only because the economic crisis has led to reduced energy demand in many EU countries.

see full article at:



News from the European Commission Founded Research

GLOBAL-IQ highlights the future of global changes arrow

Global-IQJean Pierre Amigues, Toulouse School of Economics

The «Impact Quantification of Global Changes » project has gathered the expertise of eleven European economic institutions (CEPR, Charles Prague Un, FEEM, Goteborg Un, HEID, IIASA, ISIS, LSE, PIK, TSE, WIIW) to assess the potential socio-economic and environmental impacts of global changes. The project focused on global changes in the areas of climate change and environment, agriculture, forestry, energy, transportation, labor and skills, health and environmental values, population migration, competitiveness and trade. Adopting a quantitative and modelling approach, the project intended to provide economic estimates of the costs and benefits of global changes in these different domains.



globalaquaYannis Souliotis, ICRE8 (www.icre.eu) researcher
(Managing the effects of multiple stressors on aquatic ecosystems under water scarcity) has assembled a multidisciplinary consortium that consists of 23 partners (21 European, 1 Canadian and 1 Moroccan), in order to study the interaction of multiple stressors within the frame of strong pressure on water resources on six river basins (Ebro, Adige, Sava, Evrotas, Anglian and Souss Massa). These basins encompass a rich set of socio-ecological conditions and a wide geographic coverage, and focus on a specific set of stressors (organic and inorganic pollution, water abstraction, land use, etc.) to illustrate different management scenarios, under water scarcity.

The main aim of GLOBAQUA is to achieve a better understanding on how current water management practices and policies could be improved by identifying their main drawbacks and alternatives.

News from Related Institutions

ICCG Climate Policy Observer, a new one-stop source on climate and energy policies arrow

ICCG Climate Policy ObserverCarlo Carraro, University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, International Centre for Climate Governance, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici
Climate change encompasses a wide range of topics, as well as ways to address its causes and impacts. Founded in 2009, the International Center for Climate Governance (ICCG) explores the interdependencies between the scientific, political, economic, and social aspects of climate issues.

By now international institutions, national governments, business and civil society groups all over the world have acknowledged that climate change is one the most important challenges of our time. Although institutional processes at the international level proceed at a pace which often seems too slow to guarantee its effectiveness, actions by national and sub-national entities, as well as by economic and social sectors, have grown exponentially in the last few years. Citizens, experts and policy-makers face the additional challenge of keeping abreast of such rapid and diversified advancements.


Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance. Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) arrow

The LabThe Lab Secretariat
The Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance (The Lab) is a global public private initiative that supports the identification and piloting of cutting edge climate finance instruments. It aims to drive billions of dollars of private investment into climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing countries. The Lab was established as a joint initiative by the governments of the United Kingdom, the United States, and Germany in May 2014. It is guided by 22 Principals and their Advisors, who are senior, high-level experts in climate finance. Members work in governments, pension funds, investment banks, project development, and development finance institutions across the world. Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) is acting as The Lab’s secretariat and – in collaboration with Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) – provides analytical support to The Lab’s Principals and Advisors.


ICRE8: International Center for Research on the Environment and the Economy (www.icre8.eu) arrow

ICRE8ICRE8 secretariat

The International Centre for Research on the Environment and the Economy (ICRE8, www.icre8.eu) established in 2014, is a non-for-profit Research Centre dedicated to interdisciplinary research on the Environment, Energy, Economy, Eco-innovations, and their electronic versions (hence E8), located in Athens.

The overarching goal of the Centre is to promote the understanding and implementation of Sustainable Development, as the only non-self-destructive path of socio-economic development. Central to ICRE8's mission is the pursuit of excellence in conducting and presenting research and a commitment to explore relevant environmental, natural resources and energy issues, for a variety of circumstances and stakeholders and across different temporal and spatial scales.


The ICCG Think Tank Map project: an observatory of worldwide climate think tanks arrow

ICCG Think Thank Map ProjectCarlo Carraro, University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, International Centre for Climate Governance, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

The International Center for Climate Governance (ICCG) was founded in 2009 as a joint initiative of Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and Fondazione Giorgio Cini. The ICCG, chaired by Professor Carlo Carraro, is an internationally renowned center whose research activities focus on climate change economics and policy. Located on the Island of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice, ICCG gathers researchers in economics and political sciences who explore the interdependencies between the economic, social, cultural, ethical, and political aspects of climate economics and policy.


New CPI report: Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2014 arrow

Barbara BuchnerBarbara Buchner, Climate Policy Initiative

Understanding where the world stands in relation to its low-carbon and climate-resilient investment goals is a more urgent task than ever. That is why it gives me great pleasure to announce on behalf of Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) the publication ofthe latest edition of the Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2014, the most comprehensive overview of global climate finance flows available. The report reveals who is investing in low-carbon, climate-resilient growth, where they are investing, and how. It also provides an indication of progress toward the levels of investment needed to reach globally agreed temperature goals.


Henk Flomer Appointed as Academic Dean of the College of Economics and Management, Northwest Agricultural and Forestry University, Yangling, China arrow

Henk Folmer

Professor Henk Folmer, EAERE Honorary Member and Former EAERE President (1992-1993), was appointed as Academic Dean of the College of Economics and Management, Northwest Agricultural and Forestry University, Yangling, China, in April 2014.

Further information on the appointment ceremony is available at

Professor Henk Folmer is also renowned Overseas Scholar under the Chinese Ministry of Education. In June, 2014, he was elected board member of the Chinese Economic Society.


IAERE Third Annual Conference: submissions are open! arrow

IAERE The Italian Association of Environmental and resource Economists (IAERE, www.iaere.org)  is glad to announce its Third Conference, to be held at the Department of Economics and Management of the University of Padua from 20 to 21 February 2015. The call for papers is now open and submissions on all relevant topics related to Environmental and Natural Resource Economics are warmly invited.

The 2015 conference will maintain a balanced interest on both theoretical and applied research; nonetheless it seems particularly important to emphasize/derive policy implications/guidance from the works thereby presented.

Presentations both in English and Italian will be accepted, depending on the audience. Young researchers and especially PhD students who wish to attend are most welcome.

News from Related Journals

Strategic Behavior and the Environment now available to EAERE members at a discount arrow

Zac RolnikZac Rolnik, Now - the essence of knowledge
Now Publishers and EAERE have agreed to make Strategic Behavior and the Environment edited by Ariel Dinar, Chuck Mason and Aart de Zeeuw (www.sbejournal.com) available to EAERE members at a discount (see http://www.eaere.org/section-journals). In addition to the discounted individual price, these subscriptions include access to all of the journal's back volumes.
Strategic Behavior and the Environment is the only journal that focuses on analytical research addressing the interaction between environmental and natural resource policies and the strategic behavior of those who involved in their design and implementation. This research is often interdisciplinary and while based in economics (with an emphasis on experimental economics, political economy, and game theory), the journal published across other relevant disciplines including political science, international relations, and negotiation. And the journal has provided an outlet to explore interesting special topics including "ICT-based Strategies for Environmental Conflicts" and "Game Theory and Fisheries" with future special issues on "experimental economics and the environment" and "international environmental agreement."


The International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics is now available to EAERE members at a discount arrow

Now Publishers and EAERE have agreed to make The International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics edited by Victor Adamowicz, Bernard Sinclair Desgagné, and Henk Folmer (www.irere.net) available to EAERE members at a discount (see http://www.eaere.org/section-journals). In addition to the discounted individual price, these subscriptions include access to all of the journal's back volumes.

The International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics publishes state-of-the-art review articles by top specialists in their fields who have made substantial contributions to the area that they are surveying. This journal is the successor to the highly successful International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics and subscribers to the journal also have electronic access to the last three volumes of the Yearbook.

Reporting Back from Related Conferences

The SCARCE Consolider project on Iberian River basins: overview of the results achieved arrow

SCARCEAntoni Ginebreda, Spanish National Research Council

The Mediterranean basin is one of the world’s regions most vulnerable to global change and one of the “hot spots” for oncoming problems in water availability. Current climate change models forecast that the Mediterranean region will likely register increased summer drought and stronger rainfall events; thus, average river discharge is predicted to decrease and water temperature and the frequency of large floods to increase. Low summer flow and large floods in autumn and winter are characteristics of rivers under Mediterranean climate, but the forecasted scenarios suggest several points of concern, including decrease hydrological connectivity and increase in the concentration of pollutants during droughts, changes in biological communities as a result of harsher environmental conditions, and a decrease of biological processes like nutrient uptake, primary production, or decomposition.


Conference: Energy Tax and Regulatory Policy in Europe: Reform Priorities and Research Needs arrow

Aldo Ravazzi Douvan, Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali "Guido Carli"
Cesifo, Pbl, Imf and European Commission organised in Munich an interesting conference on “Energy Tax and Regulatory Policy in Europe: Reform Priorities and Research Needs”. Hans Werner Sinn (President Ifo and author of the Green Paradox) and Karen Pittel (Ifo, and conference scientific organiser) introduced the challenges: the goal of the conference was to gain feedback from experts and policymakers on draft policy notes outlining practical options for reforming environmental policies in Europe, and research needs to help improve policy design and evaluation. The focus was on fiscal and regulatory policies affecting the energy sectors at both national and EU level.

Letters from Regions

The Austrian/German/Swiss group of environmental and resource economists arrow

Till RequateTill Requate, EAERE country representative for Germany
Austrians, Germans, and Swiss environmental and resource economists are organized under the umbrella of the Association of German Speaking Economists (“Verein für Socialpolitik”), founded already in 1873 (https://www.socialpolitik.de/En/history), and originally embracing several social sciences, notably economics, political sciences, sociology, but also business administration. Nowadays most association members are economists.

The Association of German Speaking Economists has approximately 25 standing field committees with general methodological fields such as “Economic Theory” and “Econometrics”, but also more specialized fields such as “International Economics”, “Developing Economics”, and “Environmental and Resource Economics”.


Conference in Cyprus: “Environmental Tax Reform at Times of Economic Crisis” arrow

Theodoros ZachariadisTheodoros Zachariadis, EAERE Cyprus Country Representative
An international conference on environmental tax reform took place on 6 June 2014 in Nicosia, Cyprus, as a satellite event of the European “Green Week 2014”. It was chaired by Dr. Theodoros Zachariadis, EAERE country representative of Cyprus, and was jointly organized by the European Commission Representation in Cyprus and the Cyprus University of Technology, which runs the EU-funded Jean Monnet project “European Energy and Environmental Policy at a Crossroads”, led by Dr. Zachariadis.

Mr. Hans Eichel, Finance Minister of Germany in the period 1999-2005, and Professor Sir Christopher Pissarides, the 2010 Economics Nobel Laureate and Chairman of the Council of National Economy of Cyprus, were amongst a distinguished selection of speakers at the conference.


Climate Change Vulnerability in Agriculture Sector: Indexing and Mapping of Four Southern Indian States arrow

Sushanta MahapatraSushanta Mahapatra, Amrita School of Business
This paper is part of the on-going Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR), Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Govt of India grant-in aid research funded project titled “The Role of Rural Institutions in Enabling Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agricultural Sector across Different Ecosystems in India”

Agriculture is the sector most vulnerable to climate change due to its high dependence on climate and weather conditions. Climate change is a main challenge for agriculture production as it supports the 68 percent of the population. Agriculture is crucial in providing food security and rural livelihoods for millions of people in India.

Institutional Events and Deadlines

5 December 2014
Deadline for EAERE/2015 Thematic and Policy Sessions submissions

15 December 2014
Deadline for expressions of interest for the organisation of EAERE 23rd Annual Conference in 2017

15 January 2015
Deadline for EAERE/2015 Paper submission

24 - 27 June 2015
EAERE 21st Annual Conference, Helsinki, Finland

28 June - 4 July 2015
EAERE-FEEM-VIU European Summer School: "Environmental Regulation", Venice, Italy
Deadline for submission

22 - 25 June 2016
EAERE 22nd Annual Conference, Zurich, Switzerland

Job Market

The European Job Market for Environmental and Resource Economists aims to offer the two sides of the market - institutions with open positions and candidates looking for a job - both a virtual and a physical place to meet and look for the best match. Candidates, universities, public and private institutions, and corporations are invited to apply to participate in the Job Market.

Candidates' profiles and information on open positions are posted in the EAERE website throughout the whole year. Check at http://www.eaere.org/job.

Candidates and institutions that intend to physically participate in the Job Market by organising job interviews at the 21st EAERE Annual Conference  are listed in the same page. Interviews must be organised by the participants in the market directly.

A limited number of rooms situated within the Conference venue is available for Job Market interviews: institutions can book them. Rooms are allocated among the different institutions that apply on a first-come first-serve basis. Candidates pariticipating to EAERE's Annual Conference, can also mark their papers as "job market paper" in the paper submission process. The list of "job market papers" will be included in the Conference programme book, giving more visibility to candidates.


Events, Books, Journals, Educational Programmes, Web Resources

Information on events, booksjournalseducational programmes, useful links, policy resources, is available on the Association's website.

EAERE members are encouraged to post announcements of interest for the field.
It is sufficient to send an e-mail to eaere@eaere.org containing the information to be posted.
It is a great opportunity to let your news be known by a wide audience!

Institutional Members

EAERE Institutional Members 2014

Public and private institutions are invited to support the Association to further its aims by joining EAERE as institutional members.
Incomes from institutional membership fees are used exclusively and completely to further the aims of the Association. The Association reserves to institutional members a rich portfolio of benefits and different membership options and prices.
Spread the word and invite other institutions to join us!


  • Basque Centre for Climate Change - BC3, Spain
  • Center of Economics Research at ETH Zurich - CER-ETH, Switzerland
  • Climate Policy Research Unit - European University Institute - Italy
  • Cyprus University of Technology - CUT, Cyprus
  • Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei- FEEM, Italy
  • Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, CREE, Norway
  • Research Institute of Capital Formation, Development Bank if Japan Inc. - RICF DBJ, Japan
  • Statistics Norway, Norway
  • TEN Center - Venice International University, Italy
  • Laboratoire d’Economie des Ressources Naturelles - LERNA, Toulouse School of Economics, France
  • The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Sweden


  • Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne - CES, France
  • Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International - CERDI , France
  • Center for Economics and Corporate Sustainability- KU Leuven-CEDON, Belgium
  • Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Department of Economics, Umea University, Sweden
  • Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy - IEFE, Bocconi University, Italy
  • Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE), University of East Anglia, UK
  • Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en èconomie quantitative - CIREQ, Canada
  • Department of Agri-Food and Environmental Systems Management - DiGeSA, University of Catania, Italy
  • Department of Environmental and Business Economics, University of Southern Denmark - IME-SDU, Denmark
  • Göteborg University – School of Business, Economics and Law, Environmental Economics Unit - EEU, Sweden
  • School of Economics and Business, Norwegian University of Life Sciences - NMBU, Norway
  • School of Agricultural & Resource Economics, Universtiy of Western Australia, Australia
  • Sustainability Center, Tilburg University - TSC, Netherlands
  • The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment - GRI, UK
  • VU University Amsterdam, Institute for Environmental Studies - IVM, Netherlands
  • Wageningen University, Netherlands
EAERE is most grateful for their support.